V - WineUncorked: Wine Reviews and Tips

VA

Short for viticultural area or volatile acidity.

Vat 

A large vessel where wine is fermented or aged.

Varietal

A grape variety. Varietal wines are made from a single named grape variety.

VC

Spanish abbreviation for vino comarcal, equivalent to the French vin de pays.

VDL

Short for vin de liqueur, a French term for a wine that is fortified before fermentation.

VDLT

Short for vino de la tierra, a Spanish wine quality indicator one rung below DO.

VDN

French abbreviation for vin doux naturel, indicating a fortified wine.

VDQS

French abbreviation for Vin Délimité de Qualité Supérieure, a quality level above vin de pays but below Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC).

VDT

Italian abbreviation for vino da tavola, table wine.

Vecchio

Italian word for old.

Vegan wine

Wine made without using any animal products. Non-vegan wines often using animal-derived finings.

Vegetal

Wine tasting term indicating plant-like aromas and flavours. 

Velvety

Wine tasting term indicating a soft, smooth mouth feel.

Vendange

French word for grape harvest.

Vendangé à la main

French phrase meaning the grapes are harvested by hand.

Vendange tardive

French phrase meaning a late harvest.

Vendemmia, Vendimia

Italian and Spanish terms for grape harvest.

Veneto

Wine region in northern Italy which produces Amarone, Soave, Valpolicella and the sparkling Prosecco. 

Verband Deutscher Prädikats und Qualitätsweingüter (VDP)

German wine organisation which administers quality standards.

Vermouth

A flavoured, fortified wine which can be served on its own or as part of a cocktail, such as the Dry Martini.

Veraison

The start of ripening, when grapes begin to change colour and gain sweetness.

Vertical tasting

A wine tasting where different vintages are compared.

Vibrant

Wine tasting term indicating a wine combining freshness and richness.

Vieilles Vignes

French for old vines. Does not have any regulated meaning.

Viejo

Spanish word for old.

Vigna, Vigneto

Italian words for a vineyard.

Vigneron

French word for a wine grower.

Vigniaiolo

Italian word for a wine grower.

Vignoble

French word for a vineyard.

Vin

French for wine.

Viña

Spanish word for vines.

Vin de garde

French phrase for a wine that will improve with age.

Vin de glace

French term for ice wine.

Vin de paille

French phrase for wine made from dried grapes.

Vin de pays

French term for country wine, a step up in quality from vin de table.

Vin de table

French for table wine

Vin doux Naturel 

French term for a fortified wine.

Viñedo, Vinha

Spanish and Portuguese for vineyard

Vinho

Portuguese for wine.

Vinho regional

Portuguese wine classification, similar to the French vin de pays.

Vinification

Wine-making.

Vinology

The science of wine and wine-making.

Vin ordinaire

French term for ordinary wine.

Vino

Italian for wine.

Vino de la tierra

Spanish wine quality indicator one rung below DO. It is the Spanish equivalent of the French vin de pays.

Vino de mesa, Vino da tavola

Spanish and Italian phrases meaning table wine.

Vino generoso

Spanish term for a fortified wine.

Vino novello

Italian term for a young wine intended for immediate drinking.

Vinous

Resembling or relating to wine.

Vin Santo

Italian holy wine, made from dried grapes.

Vintage

Vintage wines are made from grapes grown and harvested in a specific single year.

Viognier

Light-skinned grape grown all over the world which makes aromatic white wines.

Violets

Wine tasting term indicating a floral aroma.

Viscous

Viscosity is the thickness of a liquid. Viscous wines are thick and full-bodied.

Viticoltore

Italian word for a grape grower.

Viticulture

The cultivation of grapes.

Vitigno

Italian word for grape variety.

Vitis vinifra

Latin name for the European vine which produces wine grapes.

Vivace

Italian word for lively, denoting a slightly sparkling wine.

Volatile acidity

Acids in wine that create aromas, often of vinegar or nail polish remover.

Volcanic soil

Stony soil in areas which were once subject to volcanic activity. Volcanic soil is well suited to growing high-quality wine grapes.

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